It happened today – this day in history

1264: Simon de Montfort the Younger, Earl of Leicester, defeats Henry III at the Battle of Lewes in the 2n/a Baron’s War.

1607: Colonists establish the first permanent English colony in America at Jamestown.

1610: The assassination of Henri IV of France brings Louis XIII, 10 years old, to the throne of France.

1643: Louis XIV becomes King of France at age 4.

1702: England and the Netherlands declare war on France and Spain.

1747: The British fleet commanded by Admiral George Anson defeats the French in the first battle of Cape Finisterre.

1787: Delegates meet in Philadelphia to draft the US constitution.

1796: Edward Jenner, a Gloucestershire country physician, administers the first smallpox inoculation using cowpox pus.

1811: Paraguay gains independence from Spain.

1832: Premiere of Felix Mendelssohn’s overture “The Hebrides” in London.

1842: Illustrated London News; world’s first illustrated weekly, begins publication.

1853: Gail Borden, newspaper publisher, patents her process for condensed milk.

1878: Vaseline obtains a patent in the United States.

1889: The NSPCC is established in London.

1908: The first passenger flight by plane.

1925: Death of author Henry Ryder Haggard at the age of 68.

1938: The England football team beat Nazi Germany, 6-3.

1939: Lina Medina becomes the world’s youngest confirmed mother in medical history at the age of five.

1940: The Luftwaffe bombs Rotterdam and the Netherlands surrenders to Nazi Germany.

1944: Generals Rommel, Speidel and von Stulpnagel attempt to assassinate Hitler.

1948: Israel declares its independence from the British administration.

1949: US President Harry Truman signs a bill establishing a rocket test area at Cape Canaveral, Florida.

1955: The Warsaw Pact is signed by the Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland and Romania.

1957: The Treasurer General announces the lifting of restrictions on fuel consumption imposed during the Suez crisis. The same day, Elvis Presley was rushed to a hospital in Los Angeles after swallowing a porcelain cap from one of his front teeth, which then lodged in one of his lungs.

1961: Stirling Moss wins the 1961 Monaco Grand Prix.

1963: Kuwait joins the UN.

1964: Egyptian President Gamal Abdul Nasser and Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev end the first phase of construction of the Aswan High Dam by blowing up a massive sand dam to divert the course of the Nile.

1969: The Fairport Convention van crashes on the M1 motorway on its way home from a gig in Birmingham, killing the band’s drummer, 19-year-old Martin Lamble, and guitarist Richard Thompson’s girlfriend, Jeannie Franklyn. On the same day, abortion and contraception are legalized in Canada.

On TV (Wednesday)

THAMES
11.00 For schools
2:50 p.m. York Race
4:15 p.m. News headlines
4:30 p.m. Crossroads
4:55 p.m. All you can do…
5:20 p.m. Don’t adjust your set
Pre-Python comedy written by Michael Palin and Terry Jones and starring David Jason
5:50 p.m. News
18.04 Today
6:35 p.m. The Saint
With Roger Moore as Simon Templar
7:30 p.m. coronation street
20.00 The Avengers
9:00 p.m. The Spirit of Mr. JG Reeder
10:00 p.m. News at ten
10:30 p.m. Sez Les
Comedy series with Les Dawson
11:00 p.m. Professional wrestling
11:45 p.m. It’s time to remember
BBC one
09.38 For schools and colleges
12:25 p.m. Apna Hi Ghar Samajhiye
1:00 p.m. Disk A Dawn
1:30 p.m. Watch with mom
1:45 p.m. News and weather
14.05 For schools and colleges Scientific session
16.20 play at school
4:40 p.m. jackanory
4:55 p.m. The Astronaut Show
5:15 p.m. animal magic
5:44 p.m. The magic roundabout
5:50 p.m. News and weather
6:00 p.m. City and surroundings
6:20 p.m. give me your word
6:40 p.m. The world of tomorrow
19.05 The new comers
19.29 News headlines
7:30 p.m. It’s a knockout
Eastbourne v Hastings presented by David Vine and Eddie Waring
8:20 p.m. Harry Worth
comedy series
20.50 News
21.05 Wednesday’s Play: The Golden Vision
Directed by Ken Loach
10:20 p.m. Twenty-four hours
22.50 cause for concern
11:15 p.m. Late Night News and Weather
BBC TWO
11.00 Kindergarten
11:20 a.m. Closing
19.00 Good navigation
7:30 p.m. Newsroom: The World Tonight
20.00 man alive
20.50 TV Doctor
21.05 Movie: Blue Sky (1946)
Musical with Fred Astaire and Bing Crosby
10:45 p.m. Summary of news and weather
22.50 Late night programming

1972: A 13-year-old Catholic girl is shot dead by loyalist paramilitaries in Ballymurphy, Belfast.

1973: Skylab, the first space station, is launched.

1976: Former Yardbirds singer Keith Relf was electrocuted while tuning a guitar that was not properly earthed in his west London home.

1977: Bobby Moore retires from football.

1980: Valencia beat Arsenal 5-4 on penalties to win the European Cup Winners’ Cup in Brussels.

1986: The Netherlands Institute for War Documentation publishes the complete diary of Anne Frank.

1987: Film star Rita Hayworth (Margarita Cansino) dies of Alzheimer’s disease at the age of 68.

1988: The surviving members of Led Zeppelin reunite for Atlantic Records’ 40th anniversary party in Madison Square Garden, New York, with Jason Bonham on drums. The reunion was marred by singer Robert Plant’s refusal to perform stairway to Heaven minutes before going on stage, which reportedly upset guitarist Jimmy Page so much that it affected his performance.

1989: Students begin a demonstration for democratic reforms in Tiananmen Square in Beijing.

1991: Winnie Mandela, wife of anti-apartheid activist Nelson Mandela, is sentenced to six years in prison in South Africa for her role in the abduction and beating of four youths suspected of being informants for the police, one of whom died. On the same day, Jiang Qing, widow of Chairman Mao, committed suicide in China at the age of 77.

1993: At an auction at Christies in London, the acoustic guitar that Elvis Presley used to make his first recordings, It’s good mom and Kentucky Blue Moon in 1954, sold for £130,285.

1994: Manchester United beat Chelsea 4-0 at Wembley Stadium to win the FA Cup.

1995: At 43 years and 162 days, Manchester City goalkeeper John Burridge becomes the oldest player to appear in a Premier League game as City lose 3-2 at home to QPR.

1997: Barcelona beat Paris St Germain 1-0 to win the European Cup Winners’ Cup in Rotterdam.

1998: Frank Sinatra dies at age 82 of a heart attack.

2004: Record producer Phil Spector is arrested after arguing with his driver at his California mansion.

2006: Singles Chart:

  1. Fool – Gnarls Barkley
  2. Control Me – LL Cool J ft Jennifer Lopez
  3. From Paris to Berlin – Infernal
  4. Someone’s Watching Me – Beatfreakz
  5. SOS – Rihanna
  6. Dani California – Red Hot Chili Peppers
  7. No Promises – Shayne Ward
  8. I’m With Stupid – Pet Shop Boys
  9. Stoned with Love – Chicane ft Tom Jones
  10. Naive – The Kooks
2006: Gnarls Barkley – St Elsewhere

Ranking of albums:

  1. Arcadium Stadium – Red Hot Chili Peppers
  2. Eyes Open – Snow Patrol
  3. Waterloo to Anywhere – Dirty Pretty Things
  4. St Elsewhere – Gnarls Barkley
  5. Inside/Upside Down – The Kooks
  6. Shayne Neighborhood – Shayne Neighborhood
  7. Collected: The Best Of – Massive Attack
  8. Corinne Bailey Rae – Corinne Bailey Rae
  9. Between Dreams – Jack Johnson
  10. Carry On – Will Young

2011: Manchester City beat Stoke City, 1-0 (Yaya Touré 74′) at Wembley to win the FA Cup.

2015: Blues guitarist (Riley) BB King dies in his sleep at age 89 from a series of strokes caused by type 2 diabetes.

2016: Former Beatles press secretary Tony Barrow, who coined the term “The Fab Four” to describe the band, dies aged 80.

2018: Chinese mountaineer and double amputee Xia Boyu summits Mount Everest.

BIRTHDAYS: Dame Siân (Jane) Phillips, actress, 89; Singer Charlie Gracie (Graci), 86; George Lucas, director/producer/screenwriter, 78; Francesca Annis, actress, 77; David Byrne, singer-songwriter (Talking Heads) 70; Sir Michael Fallon, politician, 70; Robert Zemeckis, director, 70 years old; Steve Hogarth, singer (Marillion), 66; Tim Roth, actor, 61; Ian Blackford, SNP politician, 61; David Quantick, writer, 61; Danny Huston, actor/director, 60; CC Deville, guitarist (Poison) 60 years old; Ian Astbury, singer, (The Cult) 60; Mike Inez, bassist (Alice In Chains) 56; Greg Davies, comedian, 54; Greg Kurstin, record producer/songwriter, 53; Cate Blanchett, actress, 53; Danny Wood, singer (New Kids On The Block) 51; Sofia Coppola, director/screenwriter, 51 years old; Natalie Appleton, singer (All Saints), 49; Martine McCutcheon, actress/singer, 46; Dan Auerbach, record producer/guitarist/singer-songwriter (The Black Keys) 43; Olly Murs, singer, 38; Mark Zuckerberg, entrepreneur, 38; Nigel Reo-Coker, footballer, 38; Miranda Cosgrove, actress, 29 years old.

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